UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage

established its Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage with the aim of ensuring better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.

  • As per the 2003 UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, the list has five broad categories
  1. Oral traditions,
  2. Performing arts,
  3. Social practices,
  4. Knowledge and practices related to nature,
  5. Traditional craftsmanship.
  • From India the Intangible Cultural Heritages added into this list include:
  1. The tradition of Vedic chanting.
  2. Ramlila
  3. Kutiyattam (Sanskrit theatre)
  4. Ramman (religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas)
  5. Mudiyettu (ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala)
  6. Kalbelia (folk songs and dances of Rajasthan)
  7. Chhau dance.
  8. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh
  9. Sankirtana (ritual singing, drumming, and dancing of Manipur)
  10. Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab.
  11. Yoga
  12. Nowruz ( Persian New year)
  13. Kumbha Mela


Types of Corona Viruses

Coronaviruses are a large family of single-stranded RNA viruses that cause diseases in animals and humans.

  1. SARS-CoV: 2003 in China (animal source not yet known, bats thought to have given it to other animals, probably civet cats)
  2. MERS: 2012 in Saudi Arabia (transmitted by dromedary camels)
  3. SARS-CoV-2: 2019 in Wuhan (source is not yet known, possibly bats)

While there are hundreds of coronaviruses, there are seven that we know can infect humans. Out of the seven, two are alpha coronaviruses (229E and NL63) and four are beta coronaviruses (OC43, HKU1, MERS, and SARS-CoV).


Edakkal Caves

Edakkal caves in Ambukuthi hills are situated around 10 km from Sulthan Bathery in Wayanad district, Kerala. It is considered to be one of the earliest centres of humans. Edakkal Caves also Edakal, are two natural caves at Edakkal, around 120 km south-west of Mysuru. The caves are situated 1,200 m (3,900 ft) above sea level on Ambukuthi Mala, on the Mysore Plateau, in the Western Ghats. The Edakkal caves are believed to be camping shelters of the Neolithic community (the south Indian Neolithic culture zone). The cave walls contain a collection of Neolithic rock engravings and images (which were incised over a period of time).



OBICUS is Order Books, Inventories and Capacity Utilization Survey (OBICUS).OBICUS survey on the manufacturing sector is published quarterly by the RBI since March 2008. It provides an insight into the demand conditions faced by the Indian manufacturing sector. It covers over 2500 public and private limited companies in the manufacturing sector. The company-level data collected during the survey are treated as confidential and never disclosed.

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